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Car - Visa - Customs

Principles

From old passion, because I myself so arrived in Mongolia, the service for the motorist. In the past, the border crossing was not possible at all borders and was an absolute adventure. Today, many more borders have been opened for international road traffic, the adventure at the check-in has remained and is not to everyone’s taste. That is why we offer to do the necessary bureaucracy in advance. Also the traveler, who is on the way with his vehicle, taps very gladly and fast into the "permission trap", because he would like to penetrate with his vehicle into the most unreal regions, here above all in the Altai mountains, or in the remote areas of the desert Gobi. In many of these regions you need a permit to drive, because these areas are often very close to the border. The application is not only time-consuming, but also annoying, because the employees at the authorities usually only speak fluent Mongolian and these authorities are only located in Ulaanbaatar. This also applies to the permits for driving in the many nature reserves in Mongolia.

Our service

Unfortunately, the visa situation in Mongolia is not uniform. There are basically three types of visas that are interesting for the tourist.

  1. Tourist visa up to 30 days stay in the country

  2. Tourist visa > 30 to max 90 days stay in the country

  3. Visa for the border area

In addition, there are business study visas and visas for religious reasons, but they are not relevant here. Exact information can be found here: Mongolian Immigration http://en.immigration.gov.mn/

Ad 1.

All EU citizens except German citizens need a visa for Mongolia. A list of visa-free countries can be found here: http://consul.mn/eng/index.php?moduls=23 . The tourist visa up to max 30 days will be issued from 1 July 2021 on entry at the airport / railroad crossing. It is currently unclear (May 1, 2021) whether the tourist visa will also be issued at the road borders. If you are entering Mongolia from a visa-required country, you can apply for the visa electronically (e-visa) from July 1, 2021 https://www.evisa.mn/main . The website is currently (1 May 2021) still being tested and “bumps” at the moment very strongly. If you want to continue the traditional way and apply for your visa at the consular section of one of the Mongolian embassies, then please note that from July 1, 2021 you can no longer do this directly at the embassy, but you must contact a visa agency registered in the country. For the exact information about this visa agency, please refer to the website of the respective embassy. List of Mongolian representations: http://consul.mn/eng/index.php?moduls=2. This case applies to German citizens only for the tourist visa > 30 days and for the business-work visa too.

Ad 2.

For the tourist working business visa with more than 30 days stay in the country, the visa must be applied for in advance. In addition to your passport, you will need an official invitation from Mongolia. You can apply for the official invitation through a travel agency, or your business partner or employer can organize this invitation. What is new is that this invitation can be applied for electronically from 1.7.2021. Previously, all persons who were in the country for more than 30 days had to register with Mongolian immigration within the first seven days. This has been changed so that it must now be done electronically within the first two days. The presentation at the Mongolian immigration is no longer necessary.

Ad 3.

There is a possibility from July 1, 2021 that any person can enter the border regions of Mongolia without a visa. More detailed information is not yet available here. For me, this regulation also makes no sense, because Mongolia has only two neighboring countries and both nations can enter the country visa-free anyway. So let’s wait and see what the Mongolian legislator has in mind.

Extension of the tourist visa up to 30 days in the country is no longer possible in the country (except in justified emergencies). If you want to stay longer than 30 days in the country, you must apply for a visa in advance.

Please refer to the website of your Mongolian representation for the respective fees

Links:

  1. Mongolian Immigration: http://en.immigration.gov.mn/

  2. Visa free entry Mongolia: http://consul.mn/eng/index.php?moduls=23

  3. Mongolian missions abroad: http://consul.mn/eng/index.php?moduls=2

  4. E-Visa: https://www.evisa.mn/main

You can only apply for a visa for Mongolia with an official letter of invitation at one of the Mongolian embassies on this earth. Under certain conditions Steppenfuchs Reisen can create this invitation letter for you. Please fill in the required information in the application form below. For the creation of the invitation we need about 3 – 4 weeks, because it has to be confirmed by several authorities in Mongolia. You will not receive a physical letter from us, but only a reference number, as everything is done digitally. Please provide this reference number when applying for a visa. Please also read carefully our "Declaration of Commitment" and send it back to us signed. This declaration is the basis for us, so that we are relieved in case of possible problems on the way, since if we create the invitation letter for you, we are also liable to the Mongolian state for their actions in the country. Cost per person for the preparation of the invitation:

  • up to 30 days in the country 45 € / pers ( for all visa required nations)

  • up to 60 days in the country 60 € / pers

  • up to 90 days in the country 90 € / pers

Application for a letter of invitation (Please fill out one application per person)

Travel dates
We need the following documents for the invitation letter:
If you are entering with your own vehicle, we require the following documents:
Entering the country with a vehicle is not as complicated as it was years ago, but still there are some hurdles to overcome and is a little adventure every time. The procedure for entering the country is actually clear, but many detailed questions still depend on the condition of the day of the respective official. The entry with a clearly recognizable motorhome and motorcycle is not as complicated as if you want to enter Mongolia with a car similar vehicle. At this point I can only point out the official way. That there are always individual solutions on site should be clear. Basically, the “Carnet de Passage” is not recognized by Mongolia at the border, because Mongolia is not a member of this international customs union. The “Carnet ATA” that you can get at home from your Chamber of Commerce and Industry is recognized. In principle, every vehicle that enters Mongolia must be customs cleared upon entry, or it will be customs cleared temporarily. The customs value is calculated from the vehicle value, travel costs, additional customs duty (only for passenger cars) and Mongolian VAT. You can find a sample calculation below. Thanks to the Internet, the customs officers at the border are very well informed about the vehicle values of individual vehicles. If the customs value seems to be too high for you, object and justify why the vehicle is not worth the value. Customs duty must be paid into a bank in local currency. No cash deposits will be made directly to customs. Upon departure, the customs deposit is then returned to a bank account in Mongolia. The customs deposit will not be paid in cash upon departure!!! Have enough copies of your vehicle documents, passport with you. Also a color printout (front, side, rear) of your vehicle is helpful. Often the correct clearance fails because of such small things. When everything is done, make sure that you get all customs documents. These are besides your vehicle documents and passport – customs declaration – Border document (Din A5 two columns 1. entry and in the 2. column the exit is confirmed)
Used Vehicle Import Laws
Customs Declaration Fees
US$ 5 for basic declaration;
US$ 8 for basic intensive and simplified customs declaration;
US$ 5 for every additional declaration.
Payments for the charged services are to be made in MNT at the US Dollar rate of the day.
Other Costs:
Annual Vehicle Tax
2,000MNT to 100,000MNT depending on engine size and capacity.
Annually, must be returned by Feb 15th of next year.
Required Documents for privat import:
Payment Receipt
Receipts of payment for related duties and taxes
Transportation Invoice (railway bill, road shipment bill, airfreight bill, and/or combined transportation bill)
Tariff Schedule for Imported Automobiles Goods
All merchandise imported is subject to a value-added tax (VAT) of 10%, and a 5% import duty. Import duty does not apply to equipment and tools imported to Mongolia for hospitals.
Vehicles are subject to an additional excise tax (in addition to import duty and VAT):
Excise Tax Schedule For Automobile
Cylinder Capacity(cm3) Tax on cars used from 0 to 3 years Tax on cars used from 4 to 6 years Tax on cars used from 7 to 9 years Tax on cars used over 10 years
Up to 1.500 $500.00 $1.000.00 $2.000.00 $6.000.00
1.501 – .2500 $1.500.00 $2.000.00 $3.000.00 $7.000.00
2.501 – 3.500 $2.000.00 $2.500.00 $4.000.00 $8.000.00
3.501 – 4.500 $4.500.00 $5.000.00 $6,500.00 $10.500.00
>= 4.501 $7.000.00 $7.500.00 $9.000.00 $13.000.00
Stand:2013 Quelle: Mongolian Customs https://www.customs.gov.mn/en/
Trucks, Bus ( over 9 seats), Motorcycles and Ambulance cars dont pay Excise Tax
Sample calculation:
Engine 1999 ccm
Car Value 10.000 $
Car age 5 Year:
Example calculation Value Prozent Amount
Tax 10.000 5% 500
Excise Tax 2.000 2.000
Transport (aprox) 1.000
VAT Calculation
Car Value 10.000
Excise Tax 2.000
Transport 1.000
Summary 13.000 10% 1.300
import tax to pay $ 3.800

All figures are approximate values for orientation. Ultimately, the sums can all still change in the customs clearance process. Please note that all payments must be made in local currency. A possible refund of a customs deposit will also only be made in local currency and to a bank account within Mongolia.

Mongolia is not only rich in history and culture, but also rich in many permits that the foreigner does not immediately think of. For the tourist, the permit with which one is allowed to approach the state border is probably of importance. Many roads, especially in the Altai Mountains, lead very close to the state borders and to drive on them you need a permit, which you can get only in Ulaanbaatar. If you are in Ulaanbaatar, you can’t get the permit, or you can only get it by paying an unofficial administrative fee, which the tourist interprets as a "rip-off". Steppenfuchs Reisen can solve this problem for you in advance by getting you the permit if it is necessary due to your routing. Please send us an [ email ] with your request.

In recent years, a large number of "Protected Areas" have been established in Mongolia to protect nature. The many already existing national parks in Mongolia also belong to these "protected areas". The individual areas have different protection status. From "strictly forbidden area" to areas that may be used within certain limits. Depending on the protection class, the visitor has to follow certain rules. For some national parks, permits must be obtained in advance if you wish to stay in these parks. The following areas are mainly relevant for tourism:

#

Name

Location

Description

1

Altai Tavan Bogd

Bayan-Ölgii Province

48°33′N88°37′E / 48.550°N 88.617°E / 48.550; 88.617

Located in the Altai Mountains at the western extreme of Mongolia, the park (“Altai five saints nature complex”) includes Tavan Bogd, the highest mountain in Mongolia. Within the park is The (UNESCO) World Heritage Site ‘Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai’.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Relief_map_of_Mongolia.png

2

Gobi Gurvansaikhan

SouthGobi Province

43°N104°E / 43°N 104°E / 43; 104

The park (Gobi three beauties nature complex) is located in the Gurvan Saikhan Mountains, in the Gobi Desert of south central Mongolia. It is the largest national park in Mongolia. Landmarks include Khongoryn Els, the “Singing Sands”, a large complex of sand dunes that reach to the southeastern Altai Mountains.

3

Gorkhi-Terelj

Töv Province

48°09′N107°34′E / 48.150°N 107.567°E / 48.150; 107.567

Gorkhi-Terelj is located 37 km east of the capital city of Ulaanbaatar. Attractions include Khagiin Khar Lake, a 20m deep glacial lake 80 km upstream from the tourist camps, and Yestii Hot Water Springs, natural hot springs 18 km further upstream. The park also has a Buddhist monastery that is open to visitors.

4

Khustain Nuruu

Töv Province

47°46′N105°53′E / 47.767°N 105.883°E / 47.767; 105.883

(Also called “Hustai Nuruu” (Birch Mountains), the park is located about 70 km west of Ulaanbaatar in central Mongolia. It is situated in steppe terrain along the Khentii Mountains, with the Tuul River flowing through its borders. It is part of the UNESCO Man and Biosphere site “Husai Nuruu”, and is supporting the reintroduction of the endangered Przewalski’s horse.

5

Lake Khövsgöl

Khövsgöl Province

51°12′N100°50′E / 51.200°N 100.833°E / 51.200; 100.833

The park covers territory surrounding Lake Khovsgul, the largest freshwater lake in Mongolia (over 1,000 square miles and averaging over 450 feet in depth). Located in northwestern Mongolio on the border with Russia, Lake Khovsgul is sometimes referred to as a “younger sister” of Lake Baikal to the north.

6

Khyargas Nuur

Khovd Province

47°58′N92°50′E / 47.967°N 92.833°E / 47.967; 92.833

Khyargas Nuur is a large (1,481 km2) salt lake in the Great Lakes Basin of western Mongolia, surrounded by desert and scrub. It is half-way between Uvs Lake, 70 km to the north, and Har Us Nuur National Park, 70 km to the south. The lake is known for hot springs.

7

Tarvagatai Nuruu

Zavkhan Province

48°00′N97°30′E / 48°N 97.5°E / 48; 97.5

The park covers the southwestern sector of the Tarvagatai Range of the Khangai Mountains in central Mongolia. The park is remote, protecting a transition zone between semi-arid steppe to the south and coniferous forests on the northern slope of the range. A large fire burned a significant part of the park in 2002, including 800 square kilometres (310 sq mi) of forest.

8

Tsambagarav Uul

Bayan-Ölgii Province

48°42′N91°00′E / 48.7°N 91°E / 48.7; 91

Mt Tsambagarav is a stand-alone mountain of the Mongol Altai Mountains, rising to an elevation of 4,193 metres (13,757 ft). The park features glaciers, rocky gorges, and glacial lakes.

9

Bulgan Gol-Ikh Ongog

Bayan-Ölgii Province

46°06′N91°10′E / 46.1°N 91.16°E / 46.1; 91.16

The Bulgan River divides into many meandering streams, lakes, and wetlands as if flow through the valley in the park. The area is an important stopover for migratory birds. Species in the park include the vulnerable eastern imperial eagle, and the lesser kestrel.

10

Chigertein Golin Ai Sav

Bayan-Ölgii Province

47°48′N90°15′E / 47.8°N 90.25°E / 47.8; 90.25

The Chigertey River Valley is a 20-mile wide glacial valley west of Delüünin the Altai Mountains on Mongolia’s western border with China. Larch forests grow on the northern slopes of the mountains from elevations of 2,400-2,800 meters.

11

Dariganga

Sükhbaatar Province

45°15′N114°00′E / 45.25°N 114.0°E / 45.25; 114.0

The park is on the Dariganga Plateau in southeastern Mongolia. Both Gobi desert and steppe habitats are featured around Ganga Lake. The site is a Ramsar Convention wetland of international importance, supporting breeding and migratory waterbirds such as the vulnerable white-naped crane and the vulnerable great bustard.

12

Har Us Nuur

Khovd Province

48°18′N92°44′E / 48.3°N 92.74°E / 48.3; 92.74

The park is centered on Khar-Us Lake, Khar Lake and Dörgön Lake in the Great Lakes Basin of western Mongolia.

13

Ikh Bogd Uul

Bayankhongor Province

45°00′N100°18′E / 45°N 100.3°E / 45; 100.3

Ikh Bogd (“Great Saint”) is the highest mountain in the Altai-Gobi Mountains, a southeastern spur range of the Altai. The middle and high elevations feature alpine meadows and montane steppe. The range, with semi-arid deserts to the north and south, supports rare species, such as the near-threatened argali (Ovis ammon) and Pallas’s cat (Otocolobus manul).

14

Khangai Nuruu

Arkhangai Province

47°12′N101°24′E / 47.2°N 101.4°E / 47.2; 101.4

The park stretches across the middle ranges of the greater Khangai Mountains in west-central Mongolia. In the northeastern area of the park is the famous Tövkhön Monastery.

15

Khan-Khokhi Khyargas Mountain

Uvs Province

49°25′N94°47′E / 49.42°N 94.79°E / 49.42; 94.79

The Khan-Khokhi mountains are a western extension of the Khangai Mountains in Uvs Province. The mountains separate the Uvs Depression to the north from the Khyargas Lake depression to the south. The Khan-Khokhii National Park is a separate territory from that of Khyargas Nuur National Park, 20 km to the south.

16

Khorgo-Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur

Arkhangai Province

48°12′N99°48′E / 48.2°N 99.8°E / 48.2; 99.8

The park is centered on Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake, a freshwater lake in the Khangai Mountains, and the nearby Khorgo volcano (extinct).

17

Mongol Els

Zavkhan Province

47°36′N94°42′E / 47.6°N 94.7°E / 47.6; 94.7

This particular “Mongolian Sands” National Park is about 100 km southeast of Khar Lake (Khovd). It covers a sand deposit 300 km long across the Zavkhan River valley.

18

Munkhkhairkhan

Bayan-Ölgii Province

47°00′N92°30′E / 47°N 92.5°E / 47; 92.5

The park is centered on Mönkhkhairkhan Mountain, the second highest mountain in Mongolia.

19

Myangan-Ugalzat

Khovd Province

46°18′N93°12′E / 46.3°N 93.2°E / 46.3; 93.2

The park covers a sector high desert steppe of the Mongol Altai Mountains in western Mongolia. The park was established to protect its populations of the vulnerable Altai argali (Ovis ammon ammon).

20

Noyon Khangai

Arkhangai Province

47°45′N99°30′E / 47.75°N 99.50°E / 47.75; 99.50

The Noyon Khangai Mountains are a range in the south-central region of the greater Khangai Mountains. There are geothermal hot springs in the area at an altitude of 2,300 metres (7,500 ft).

21

Onon-Balj

Khentii Province

48°59′N111°06′E / 48.98°N 111.1°E / 48.98; 111.1

Onon-Balj covers the confluence of the Onon River and Balj River in Dadal Soum of Khentii Province. The area features many rivers, lakes, and desert steppe terrain.

22

Orkhon Valley

Övörkhangai Province

47°27′N102°43′E / 47.45°N 102.72°E / 47.45; 102.72

Valley of the Orkhon River east of the Khangai Mountains, on pastureland, and with many historical and archaeological sites. The site of Kharkhorum, the capital of Genghis Khan‘s 13th-century empire. A UNESCO World Heritage Site (‘Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape’), and UICN protected area (‘Orxoni Xundii’).

23

Siilxem Nuruu

Bayan-Ölgii Province

49°44′N89°52′E / 49.74°N 89.87°E / 49.74; 89.87

Spread across two separate sectors along the border with Russia in the Siilkhem Mountains, northeast of Altai Tavan Bogd. Sector ‘A’ is the northernmost range of the Altai argali and Sector ‘B’ is habitat for the snow leopard.

24

Tengis-Shishged

Khövsgöl Province

51°29′N98°44′E / 51.49°N 98.73°E / 51.49; 98.73

The park covers the lower Shishged River as if flows west from the Darkhad Valley in northern Mongolia. The landscape is one of high peaks with steep sides and wide glaciated valleys. It protects a cultural region of the Dukha people, nomadic reindeer herders.

25

Tujiin Nars

Selenge Province

50°06′N106°24′E / 50.1°N 106.4°E / 50.1; 106.4

Tujiin Nars is a pine forest in Selenge Province, in northern Mongolia. An extensive reforestation effort is underway in the park, recovering from forest fires and illegal logging in the 1990s.

26

Ulaagchini Khar Nuur

Zavkhan Province

48°22′N95°37′E / 48.37°N 95.62°E / 48.37; 95.62

The park encompasses two large freshwater lakes, Bayan Lake to the west, and Ulaagchin Khar Lake 50 km to the east. This is the ‘Khar Lake’ in Zavkhan Province located in a depression below the Tarvagatai Mountains. Ulaagchin Khar is surrounded by sand dunes and mountains.

27

Undurkhaan Uul

Khentii Province

47°30′N110°27′E / 47.5°N 110.45°E / 47.5; 110.45

The site is small, covering an isolated mountain surrounded by low areas, about 25 km north of Öndörkhaan.

28

Khugnu-Tarna

Bulgan Province

47°28′N103°38′E / 47.47°N 103.64°E / 47.47; 103.64

Khogno Khan Mountain is about 60 km east of Kharakoram. The park features many historical sites, including the ruins of a 17th-century monastery.

29

Zag Baidragiin Goliin Ekhen Sav

Bayankhongor Province

47°30′N99°28′E / 47.5°N 99.46°E / 47.5; 99.46

The park covers valleys of the Baidrag River and Zag River as they flow south from the Khangai Mountains in west-central Mongolio.

Wikipedia

Übersicht über die “proteceted Areas” in der Mongolei
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There are a lot of border crossings between Mongolia, China and Russia. There are just as many stories of people who have come to Mongolia across some undefined borders with their vehicles, or on foot. Sure in individual cases this may be possible, but at least then you have to bring a lot of time and even more patience. Also times have changed. Modern, satellite-based communications are now common at the borders and it is difficult to come to the officials with any stories. Thus, you should consider the official border crossings right from the start of your planning. This is faster, easier and in most cases just as adventurous as any small border crossing.